An air system’s performance is primarily determined by its components. With each component working in harmony, you will achieve maximum efficiency and performance. A poorly chosen filter, for example, will restrict airflow and reduce the amount of work the compressor can do at a given pressure.
According to reports, the global HVAC systems market size was valued at $127.4 billion in 2020. If you are getting an air compressor, it is essential to be informed on the components and how they work together to make an efficient system like a Make up Air System.
Here are five essential elements.
The compressor is the heart of any modern air system. It draws in ambient air, compresses it, and then pushes it out through the system. A compressor has the following uses:
- a) Produce compressed air
- b) The compressor is connected to the lubricant oil pump before connecting other components. Oil will be sent into the compressor’s cylinders, pistons, and valves, keeping them lubricated for better performance.
- c) The other component connected to oil is the regulator valve. It prevents oil from flowing into the regulator, which will cause damage.
2) Lubricant Oil Pump
The lubricant oil pump ensures that the components of your air system are working in harmony by keeping them lubricated. Oil is injected into the compressor through a flexible tube before it goes to other moving parts like the pistons and cylinders.
A filter is a necessary component in any air system. It is placed right after the lubricant oil pump and removes impurities from the compressor’s intake before reaching other parts. 14 x 18 x1 air filter are the most common type of filter which are designed to trap large particles, like dust and pollen.
You can find different types of filters as follows:
- a) Filtering the air before it reaches the compressor
- b) Filtering oil sent into different system components. These Oil filters are located right after the lubricant oil pump.
- c) Filtering compressed air before it is released to reach tools or equipment. Air filters are usually installed between hoses or directly on the device or equipment.
- d) Activated carbon filters remove oil mist from the compressed air. It is usually part of an anti-condensation system with a humidifier since compressed air will condense if it comes into contact with cold surfaces before being filtered.
4) Regulator Valve
A regulator valve is one of the essential components of a makeup air system. It regulates the air pressure given off by the compressor. It also keeps oil from getting into the regulator, which will cause damage to it and other members of your system.
A regulator is necessary to ensure that your equipment receives the appropriate amount of compressed air to function efficiently. Too much pressure may cause damage, while too little pressure will cause your tools and equipment to operate poorly.
Humidifiers use cool compressed air to turn it into a cool mist that will prevent condensation. It increases the air’s capacity to hold moisture, turning it into a humidified air system. It is installed before or after an activated carbon filter (if your compressed air has oil droplets).
Humidifiers are used for applications where water should not mix with compressed airlines. Instead of oil mist, you will get a cool, humidified air system.
A good air system comprises high-quality components that work together harmoniously to produce a constant compressed air supply with stable pressure and quality output. A poorly chosen set of parts will result in poor performance from the compressor and other system members.