Water pumps form an essential component of water supply systems. Their applications are diverse, ranging from industrial to domestic. These pumps have two distinct categories, i.e., centrifugal and positive displacement. Many residential and agricultural projects depend on water pumps for continuous aquatic delivery. Water pumps usually have a pressure tank where the water is stored. Let’s talk about the different types of pumps we can install.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF WATER PUMPS
ELECTRIC WATER PUMPS: This form of water pump often finds its applications in race cars. An electric motor drives this centrifugal pump. They perform brilliantly indoors too and are less potent than gas-powered pumps. But that means they require less maintenance as you don’t have to change their oil. The jet pump is an example here. If you lack cords and outlets in an area, then gas-powered pumps are right for you. We can divide the pumps based on the deepness of the ground.
- DEEP WELL PUMPS: These pumps suck water from the depths of hundreds of feet. They are submersible and buried underground. But you place their control systems outside. Deepwater is less contaminated hence purer than water from a shallow well. Though these are high-maintenance pumps, they don’t need to get primed frequently.
- SHALLOW WELL PUMPS: You can install these pumps for a well that’s less than 25-50 feet deep. This pump isn’t submersible, and you have to put it on the ground. They’re cheaper than other pumps. But the water they draw isn’t as pure as water drawn by a deep well pump. But shallow well pumps are easier to access and cause fewer maintenance problems.
AN ELECTRIC WATER PUMP’S FUNCTION
Before learning the functioning of an electric pump, there are two core concepts to understand. These concepts are the Venturi effect and centrifugal force. The Venturi effect occurs when fluid gets forced to pass through a narrow space. The fluid increases its velocity, and its pressure gets decreased. One application of this effect – the Venturi tube – is used in pumps. Centrifugal force is equal but opposite to the centripetal force. We need this force to keep something moving in a curved route.
An impeller powers a centrifugal pump. We can assume the impeller to be a turbine with curved blades. The combined operation of the impeller and the centrifugal force channels the water into the pipe. A Venturi tube attached to the system increases in diameter. It slows the flow of water hence increases its pressure. A direct current motor attached to the impeller drives its operation. We need this device to convert electric energy into mechanical energy. The magnetic field forces the rotor to spin continuously once the motor gets turned on. The rotor, therefore, puts the impeller into action and powers the pump.
AN ELECTRIC WATER PUMP’S BENEFITS
The benefits of an electrical water pump are easily understandable when compared with a gas-powered pump. Electric pumps are better than gas-powered ones for domestic use. Gas-powered pumps perform better in outdoor facilities. They’re also more powerful and need higher maintenance than electric water pumps. Gas-powered pumps produce carbon monoxide, which is a harmful gas. Therefore, it’s not safe to use them in a crowded place where this gas can accumulate.
With great power comes excellent GPM or gallons per minute. Therefore, gas-powered pumps have industrial benefits. But home-owners should gladly purchase an electric water pump. Even if you run a small business with less power consumption, an electric pump is a favorable choice. You can also select your car’s operating temperature if you’re using this pump in your car’s engine. That’s an actual application of this pump we’ll talk about in the next section.
AN ELECTRIC WATER PUMP’S APPLICATION
An electric water pump can find its application in an internal combustion engine. Many studies reveal how electric pumps outclass mechanical pumps. Research by Loughborough University noted that the electric water pump outperformed the mechanical water pump regarding engine performance enhancement and temperature reduction. It also has significant advantages as a component of an engine cooling system. It can save fuel and reduce carbon emissions.
You can also use this pump to irrigate your farms and gardens. Unlike gas-powered pumps, you can connect electric pumps easily with your domestic hosepipes. If you want to drain your pool, the electric water pump is the perfect machine for that. You can even drain flooded shallow areas with this pump. This diversity in applications makes electric water pumps valuable for domestic and industrial usage. They serve as a good portion of the household water supply system.
There are different sorts of well pumps you can install for your household aquatic provisions. Shallow pumps draw water from shallow wells, and deep pumps can draw water from lower depths. Both these pumps have their respective specifications and qualities. Electric water pumps are better options than gas-powered ones for domestic water supply systems, and electric work works under the combined effect of the Venturi effect and centrifugal force.
Multiple applications of this pump make it usable in numerous domestic, industrial, and agricultural sectors. Nowadays, these pumps have found a commendable use in car engines. Experts have estimated that an expanded market for hybrid vehicles will affect the sale of electric water pumps. It would help if you bought an electric pump by keeping your domestic specifications in mind. Call professionals for the installation and maintenance of electric water pumps.