Gardening is a beautiful and useful practice that will be beneficial both to you and your garden.
A healthy garden provides many perks including making the exterior of your home more appealing and providing a cool area for people to relax and enjoy. However, taking care of your garden requires knowledge, time, and work. The good news is, everything will pay off when you look at how beautiful your garden is.
1. Learn the USDA Hardiness Zone
The USDA Hardiness Zone will help you determine which shrubs, trees, perennials, and plants are ideal for the environment in your area. You will also learn when the right time is for planting fruits and vegetables in your location.
2. Prune Your Plants Properly
When pruning shrubs that flower in spring, like climbing roses and lilacs, prune them right after their blooms fade. They settle their flower buds in the autumn season on the previous year’s growth. Pruning them in winter or fall will result in removing the flower buds for next spring.
3. Apply the Appropriate Compost
Use only fully composted fertilizer to your soil that has been preserved for at least six months. Fresh compost is usually contained high nitrogen and can burn plants and roots. It’s also likely they contain parasites and pathogens that will cause your plants to get sick. Also, do not use manure from cats, dogs, and pigs for your fertilizer as they likely contain parasites that are harmful to humans.
4. Use Perennials for a More Economic Approach
Perennials may cost more than flowers but they will surely pay for themselves in the long run. Seasonal flowers wither away each season, which means you need to keep buying new ones to keep your garden beautiful. Meanwhile, perennials continue to grow year after year while only inactive during winter.
5. Determine Your Growing Season
Learning the growing season of your garden will allow you to start new plants or prevent growing them. The growing season is according to spring’s last frost and fall’s first frost.
6. It’s Good to Observe Deadheading
Deadheading is great for annuals and perennials. The objective of annual plants is to flower, establish seed, and wither. Removing the old blooms signals annual plants to make more flowers. By getting rid of the old flowers, the plants are encouraged to focus more energy into the stronger roots and leaves instead of producing seeds.
7. Don’t Forget the Sunlight
You must determine how much light your plants need as some need more while others can tolerate low light. For vegetables, grow them in areas where they get at least eight hours of direct sunlight. However, some vegetables also grow well where there is shade like spinach, cabbage, lettuce, and radish.
8. Control Your Weeds Appropriately
The most effective ways to control weeds are hoeing and hand-weeding. Be careful not to hoe or cultivate too deep that will carry the weeds into the surface of the soil. You must weed often and early to prevent weeds from seeding and use a mulch to avoid annual weeds.
9. No Need to Divide Hostas
There’s no need to divide hostas unless you want to have more than what you have or want to reinvigorate old plants. Also, if you want the appearance of single plants, then it’s fine to divide them.
10. Get to Know Your Hydrangeas
Most hydrangeas are known to grow well in the shade; however, not all of them. Some hydrangeas, like Limelight, Bombshell, and Vanilla Strawberry, need sunlight to produce the best flowers.
11. Avoid Cleaning Up Everything in Fall
While it’s tempting to clean everything in fall, it’s a great idea to leave ornamental grasses for more appeal. It’s also good to leave the seed heads of perennials for the birds. Also, don’t cut hardy perennials, like the garden mums, so they have better chances of surviving the cold winter.
12. Invest in High-Quality Garden Power Tools
Taking care of your garden surely is hard work and you’re going to need all the help you can get. If you’re really serious in maintaining a beautiful and healthy garden, then it would make a huge difference if you invest in outdoor power tools. Some examples are power cultivator, power wheelbarrows, electric chainsaws, and more.
13. Don’t Take Your Trees for Granted
If you have a lot of trees in your yard, then it’s necessary that you attend them regularly. Make sure to prune them properly and take note of damaged limbs. You can also invest in a small wood chipper to make cleaning and maintaining easier, faster, and more effective.
Power-operated wood chippers are not only useful for your trees, but for your entire garden as well. You can feed it both wood and leaves for easy cleaning. Not only that, you can mix the wood chips and leaves you fed to your chipper into mulch, which is healthy for your plants.
14. Don’t Neglect Soil Quality
It’s important to note that while high-quality fertilizer greatly helps for your plants to grow well, your main priority should be soil quality. Apply organic modifications, such as aged manure and compost to the soil. The best structure for soil is easy to dig and have a crumbly texture. It should be able to accept water smoothly and provides enough oxygen to your plants and roots.